WSU Organic Agriculture Publications

Here is a partial listing of publications on organic agriculture by WSU faculty. You can search for a specific author or key word by typing ‘CTL F’ and filling in the search box.


Adewale, C., S. Higgins, D. Granatstein, C.O. Stockle, B.R. Carlson, U.E. Zaher, and L. Carpenter-Boggs. 2016. Identifying hotspots in the carbon footprint of a small-scale organic vegetable farm 2016.  Agricultural Systems 149:112-121.

Cogger, C.,  A. Bary, A. Fortuna, L. Myhre, and D.P. Collins. 2016. Soil physical properties, nitrogen, and crop yield in organic vegetable production systems.  2016.  Agronomy Journal 108:1142-1154.

Galinato, S.P., R.K. Gallardo, and Y.A. Hong. 2016. 2015 Cost Estimates of Establishing and Producing Organic Highbush Blueberries in Eastern Washington. TB26, Washington State Univ. Extension, Pullman, WA. 10 pp.

Galinato, S.P., R.K. Gallardo, and Y.A. Hong. 2016. 2014 Cost Estimates of Establishing, Producing and Packing Organic Gala Apples in Washington.TB19, Washington State Univ. Extension, Pullman, WA. 10 pp.

Granatstein, D., E. Kirby, H. Ostenson, and H. Willer. 2016. Global situation for organic tree fruits. Scientia Hort. 208:3-12.

Granatstein, D., E. Kirby, and M. Brady. 2016. An analysis of yields, revenues, and prices for select organic fruits and vegetables in Washington State, USA. Acta Hort. 1137:307-314.

Reganold, J.P. and J.M. Wachter. 2016. Organic agriculture in the 21st century. Nature Plants 2:15221

Tautges, N.E., J.R. Goldberger, and I.C. Burke. 2016. A survey of weed management in organic small grains and forage systems in the northwest United States. Weed Science 64(3): 513-522.


Brady, M., E. Kirby, and D. Granatstein. 2015. Trends and economics of Washington State organic blueberry production. FS154E, Washington State University Extension Fact Sheet, Pullman, WA.

Crowder, D.W. and J.P. Reganold. 2015. Financial competitiveness of organic agriculture on a global scale. Proc.National Academy of Sciences USA 112:7611-7616.

Detjens, A.C., and J.R. Goldberger. 2015. Growing Quinoa in Washington State: Results from a Statewide Survey about the Experiences and Perspectives of Certified Organic Producers. 12 pp.

DeVetter, L., D. Granatstein, E. Kirby, and M. Brady. 2015. Opportunities and challenges of organic highbush blueberry production in Washington State. HortTechnology 25:796-804.

Granatstein, D., E. Kirby, and M. Brady. 2015. Trends and economics of Washington State organic vegetable production. EM097E, Washington State University Extension Fact Sheet, Pullman, WA.

Tautges, N.E., and J.R. Goldberger. 2015. Summary Report: A Survey of Certified Organic Producers in the Western United States: Experiences and Management Practices of Growers in Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Utah, and Washington. 11 pp.


Granatstein, D., P. Andrews, and A. Groff. 2014. Productivity, Economics, and Fruit and Soil Quality of Weed Management Systems in Commercial Organic Orchards in Washington State, USA. Organic Agriculture 3:197-207.

Kirby, E., M. Brady, and D. Granatstein. 2014. Trends in Washington State organic berry production, acreage and crop value. FS144E, Washington State University Extension Fact Sheet, Pullman, WA. 8 pp.


Collins,D., C. Miles, C. Cogger, and R. Koenig. 2013. Soil Fertility in Organic Systems: A Guide for Gardeners and Small Acreage Farmers. Pacific Northwest Extension Publication PNW646.

Granatstein, D., E. Kirby, and J. Davenport. 2013. Direct-seeding legumes into orchard alleys for nitrogen production. Acta Hort. 1001: 329-334.

Granatstein, D., P. Andrews, S. Bishop, and W. Janisiewicz (eds.). 2013.  International Organic Fruit Symposium. Acta Hort. 1001, ISHS. 409 pp.

Reganold, J.P. 2013. Comparing organic and conventional farming systems: metrics and research approaches. Crop Management doi:10.1094/CM-2013-0429-01-RS.

Skuza, N., V.A. McCracken, J.L. Ellis, and D. Granatstein. 2013. An in-store assessment of consumers’ willingness-to-pay for organic apples: Does size matter?.  Acta Hort. 1001: 403-409.

Taylor, M., and D. Granatstein. 2013. A cost comparison of organic and conventional apple production in the state of Washington. Crop Management doi:10.1094/CM-2013-0429-05-RS.


Kirby, E. and D. Granatstein. 2012. Status of organic tree fruit in Washington State. EM046E, Washington State University Extension, Pullman, WA. 32 pp.

Kirby, E. and D. Granatstein. 2012. Trends in Washington State organic agriculture: 2004-2011 data.  WSU Extension Fact Sheet FS082E, Pullman, WA.

Reganold, J.P. 2012. The fruits of organic farming. Nature 485:176-177.

Sage, J.L., and J.R. Goldberger. 2012. Decisions to direct market: Geographic influences on conventions in organic production. Applied Geography 34(1): 57-65.

Willer, H., D. Granatstein, and E. Kirby. 2012.  The global extent and expansion of organic horticulture production. Acta Hort. 933:23-34.


Goldberger, J.R. 2011. Conventionalization, civic engagement, and the sustainability of organic agriculture. Journal of Rural Studies 27(3): 288-296.


Goldberger, J.R., S. Connor, and J. Miller. 2010. The experiences and perspectives of Idaho’s certified organic producers: Results from a statewide survey. Sustaining the Pacific Northwest 8(2): 8-11.

Granatstein, D., E. Kirby, and H. Willer. 2010. Organic horticulture expands globally. Chronica Hort. December 2010. 50(4):31-38.

Granatstein, D., M. Wiman, E. Kirby, and K. Mullinix. 2010. Sustainability trade-offs in organic orchard floor management. Acta Hort. 873:115-122.

Reganold, J.P., P.K. Andrews, J.R. Reeve, L. Carpenter-Boggs, C.W. Schadt, J.R. Alldredge, C.F. Ross, N.M. Davies, and J. Zhou. 2010. Fruit and soil quality of organic and conventional strawberry agroecosystems. PloS ONE 5(9): e12346.  doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0012346


Fuerst, E.P., R.T. Koenig, J.L. Kugler, K.M. Painter, M.E. Stannard, and J.R. Goldberger. 2009. Organic Alfalfa Management Guide. WSU Extension Bulletin EB2039E.

Glover, J. H. Hinman, J. Reganold, and P. Andrews. 2002. A Cost of Production Analysis of Conventional vs. Integrated vs. Organic apple Production Systems. XB1041, Washington State Univ. Agr. Research Center, Pullman, WA. 93 pp.

Goldberger, J.R. 2008. The experiences and perspectives of Washington’s certified organic producers: Results from a statewide survey. Sustaining the Pacific Northwest 6(3): 5-8.

Goldberger, J.R. 2008. Summary Report: Certified Organic Production: The Experiences and Perspectives of Washington Farmers. CRS Information Series No. 1-08. Department of Community and Rural Sociology, Washington State University. 18 pp.

Granatstein, D. and E. Kupferman. 2008. Sustainable horticulture in fruit production. Acta Hort. 767:295-308.

Granatstein, D. and K. Mullinix. 2008. Mulching options for Northwest organic and conventional orchards. HortScience 43(1):45-50.

Granatstein, D. and E. Sanchez. 2009. Research knowledge and needs for orchard floor management in organic tree fruit systems. Intl. J. Fruit Science 9:257-281.

Hoagland, L., L. Carpenter-Boggs, D. Granatstein, M. Mazzola, J. Smith, F. Peryea, and J.P. Reganold. 2008. Orchard floor management effects on nitrogen fertility and soil biological activity in a newly established organic apple orchard. Biol. Fert. Soils 45:11-18.

Kramer, S.B., J.P. Reganold, J.D. Glover, B.J.M. Bohannan, and H.A. Mooney. 2006. Reduced nitrate leaching and enhanced denitrifier activity and efficiency in organically fertilized soils. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 103:4522-4527.

Miles, C.A., D. Granatstein, and C. Feise. 2003. Organic farming research and education at Washington State University.  HortScience 38(5):755.

Miles, C., D. Granatstein, and T. Koskinen. 2002. An assessment of organic farming research, teaching, and extension at Washington State University. Report No. 3, Center for Sustaining Agriculture and Natural Resources, WSU, Puyallup, WA. 25 pp.

Reganold,J.P., J.D. Glover, P.K. Andrews and H.R. Hinman. 2000. Sustainability of three apple production systems. Nature 410:926-930.

Wiman, M.R., E.M. Kirby, D.M. Granatstein, and T.P. Sullivan. 2009. Cover crops influence meadow vole presence in organic orchards. HortTechnology 19:558-562.


Reganold, J.P., A.S. Palmer, J.C. Lockhart, and A.N. Macgregor. 1993. Soil quality and financial performance of biodynamic and conventional farms in New Zealand. Science 260:344-349.


Bezdicek, D.F., J.F. Power, D.R. Keeney, and M.J. Wright. 1984. Organic farming: current technology and its role in a sustainable agriculture. Amer. Soc. Agronomy Special Publ. No. 46. Madison, WI. 192 pp.

Reganold, J.P., L.F. Elliott and Y.L. Unger. 1987. Long-term effects of organic and conventional farming on soil erosion. Nature 330:370-372.