Mexico – Apricots
Primary Pest of Concern: Oriental fruit moth (OFM), Cydia molesta
Other pests of concern listed on the Phytosanitary Certificate:
- Plum curculio (Conotrachelus nenuphar)
- Apple maggot (Rhagoletis pomonella); and other temperate zone fruit flies
- Peach twig borer (Anarsia lineatella) –now zero tolerance
Each facility/grower must be registered with Northwest Horticultural Council by the start of the crop season. Once the list of participants and growers is submitted to Mexico, NO additional grower lots can be added nor can registered growers transfer to another packing facility.
*Prior site visit by Mexican technicians is required.
The work plan stipulates that Mexican technical inspectors shall visit each year at the start of the season.
- Maps of orchards registered in the program are required.
- Conventional and mating disruption orchards must trap at densities in agreement with work plan.
Packinghouse cutting requirement:
- 300 cull fruit per day per grower lot per variety must be cut and examined by WSDA trained technicians.
- Record cull cutting results on the cull score sheet found in the export packet for Mexico.
(If shipping to both Mexico and Canada, fill out both country’s forms.)
- Any larva found during cutting must be submitted to WSDA for identification.
- If an OFM is found, that grower lot is “out” for the remainder of the season.
- Fumigation of shipments is optional.
- 2% of the shipping cartons must be inspected with a minimum of 5 fruit per container to be cut and examined for internal feeders.
- Detection of a single OFM rejects that grower lot for the remainder of the season.
- Repacking for infestation NOT permitted.
- Shipments exceeding 5% Peach twig borer will be rejected.
- Shipments must be free of plant debris and soil.
- No more than an average of 2 whole leaves per carton allowed.
- No more than 3 stems, smaller than 1/2 inch per carton; or no more than an average of 2 stems longer than 1/2 inch per carton allowed.
- Pallets of certified fruit must be separated from non-certified fruit by 1 meter (3 ft.) and not be exposed to the outdoors for more than 1 hour.
All consumer packages of fruit, such as bagged apples, must be labeled in Spanish with the following information:
- Name of the product
- Net weight
- Importer’s name, corporate identification and fiscal domicile
- Country of origin
- Batch (lot) number
- Exporter’s name and address
“Apricots in this shipment were inspected under the procedures of the system approach work plan agreed between SAGARPA/SENASICA/DGSV and USDA/APHIS/PPQ and were found free of quarantine pests.”
The information concerning the importer’s name, corporate identification and fiscal domicile may be placed on the package after it has cleared customs and prior to marketing. The legend, “Not labeled for individual sale” also must appear in Spanish on the package. The information in Spanish must be in lettering of the same size, typographic proportions and must appear in an equally obvious manner as information in other languages. An English copy of Mexico’s official labeling standards is available from the Northwest Horticultural Council.
- Apricots to Mexico may be shipped with other work plan commodities (apples and sweet cherries).
- Truck trailers must be sealed and that seal can not be broken except by an authorized Mexican official at the border.
- Apricots can enter at the following border points only: (verify with USDA prior to transport)
- Nuevo Laredo
- Ciudad Juarez
- Ciudad Reynosa
- San Luis Rio Colorado
WA Apple Commission/Northwest Cherry Growers/ WA State Fruit Commission:
Juan Carlos Moreira
Jurica, Querentaro, Mexico
Voice/Fax: +52 442-161-2988
WSDA – Plant Protection Division
21 North 1st Avenue, Suite 103
Yakima, WA, 98902