Quarantine Pest Information

Quarantine pests such as insects, mites and plant disease organisms are among the top non-tariff trade barriers for exporting produce from one country to another. The table below shows the quarantine pests found in the USDA database for tree fruit crops we grow here in the Pacific Northwest with superscript indicators for prevalence in our area.  Under each country name we’ve added the rank for the designated crop exported to that country (2015 crop year). For example, ‘C(8)’ means that exports of sweet cherries to that country ranked 8 out of the 10 top markets for sweet cherry exports from WA state.

The leading quarantine pests of note for our area are Codling moth (Cydia pomonella) and Oriental fruit moth (Cydia [Grapholita] molesta). For more information see our guides on identifying Codling moth and Oriental fruit moth.

Key to superscript indicators:

  • ‘1’ indicates “pest of concern” and the work plan for that country requires special examination and/or treatment for the specified pest or come from a designated pest-free zone; detection of pest upon receipt will cause shipment rejection;
  • ‘2’ indicaties that the pest doesn’t occur in our region;
  • ‘3’ indicates shipment could be rejected if detected upon receipt; may or may not appear on phytosanitary statement;
  • ‘4’ indicates that even a dead specimen can cause shipment rejection;
Country
crop (top 10 rank)
Scientific name Common name
Australia
C(8); A&P prohibited
Archips argyrospilus Fruit tree leafroller
Bactrocera dorsalis 2 Oriental fruit fly 2
Ceratitis capitata 2 Mediterranean fruit fly 2
Drosophila suzukii 1 Spotted wing drosophila 1
Rhagoletis spp. Fruit flies
Erwinia spp. Fireblight
Brazil
A, P (6)
Anarsia lineatella Peach twig borer
Brevipalpus lewisi 2 Citrus flat mite 2
Conotrachelus nenuphar Plum curculio
Cydia [Grapholita] prunivora Lesser apple worm
Cydia molesta Oriental fruit moth
Cydia pomonella Codling moth
Dacus dorsalis 2 Oriental fruit fly 2
Rhagoletis pomonella Apple maggot
Tetranychus pacificus 2 Pacific spider mite 2
Phyllosticta solitaria Blotch of pome fruits
Erwinia amylovora Fireblight
Gymnosporangium spp. Rusts
Plum pox virus PPV
B.C. Canada
A(2), P(2), C(1), S
Cydia molesta 1 Oriental fruit moth 1
Cydia pomonella Codling moth
Epiphyas postvittana 2 Light brown apple moth 2
Lymantria dispar Gypsy moth
Operophtera brumata European winter moth (inchworm)
Rhagoletis pomonella 1 Apple maggot 1
Yponomeuta malinellus Apple ermine moth
Alternaria mali Alternaria blotch
Gymnosporangium clavipes Apple rust
Venturia inaequalis Apple scab
Phyllosticta sollitaria Blotch of pome fruits
Monilinia fructicola Brown rot
Neofabraea perennans Bull’s eye rot
Erwinia amylovora Fireblight
Phacidiopycnis washingtonensis Phacidiopycnis rot
Podosphaera leucotricha Powdery mildew-apple
China
A, P(5), C(2)
Anthonomus quadrigibbus Apple curculio
Conotrachelus crateagi Quince curculio
Conotrachelus nenuphar Plum curculio
Cydia [Grapholita] packardi Cherry fruitworm
Cydia [Grapholita] prunivora Lesser applerworm
Cydia pomonella 1 Codling moth 1
Dasineura mali Apple leaf midge
Eriosoma lanigerum Woolly apple aphid
Hyphantria cunea Fall webworm
Rhagoletis fausta Black cherry fruit fly
Rhagoletis indifferens Western cherry fruit fly
Rhagoletis pomonella 1 Apple maggot 1
Rhagoletis spp. Fruit flies
Taeniothrips inconsequens Pear thrips
Tetranychus urticae Two spotted spider mite
Erwinia amylovora Fireblight
Gymnosporangium rusts Rusts
Monilinia fructicola Brown rot
Neofabraea perennans or N. malicorticis 1 Bull’s eye rot 1
Phacidiopycnis washingtonensis 1 Phacidiopycnis rot 1
Phialophora malorum Side rot
Sphaeropsis pyriputrescens 1 Sphaeropsis rot 1
Venturia inaequalis Apple scab
Columbia
A, P(4), C
Conotrachelus nenuphar Plum curculio
Cydia pomonella 1 Codling moth 1
other Cydia spp. fruit moths
Epiphyas postvittana 2 Light brown apple moth 2
Grapholita prunivora Lesser apple worm
Grapholita molesta Oriental fruit moth
Hyphantria cunea Fall webworm
Lymantria dispar Gypsy moth
Maconellicoccus hirsutus 2 Pink hibiscus mealybug 2
Operophtera brumata European winter moth (inchworm)
Diaspidiotus (=Quadraspidiosus) perniciosus 1 San Jose scale 1
Rhagoletis pomonella Apple maggot
Rhagoletis spp. Fruit flies
Yponomeuta malinellus Apple ermine moth
Alternaria mali Apple storage rot
Erwinia spp. Fireblight
Gymnosporangium spp. Rusts
Neofabraea [Pezicula] malicorticis Bull’s eye rot
Costa Rica
A, P(9)
Anarsia lineatella Peach twig borer
Anastrepha suspensa Caribbean fruit fly
Bactrocera dorsalis 2 Oriental fruit fly 2
Choristaneura rosaseana Oblique banded leaf roller
Conotrachelus nenuphar Plum Curculio
Cydia pomonella 3 Codling moth 3
Diaspidiotus (=Quadraspidiotus) perniciosus San Jose scale
Drosophila suzukii Spotted Wing Drosophila
Epiphyas postvittana 2 Light Brown Apple Moth 2
Grapholita molesta Oriental Fruit Moth
Pseudococcus maritimus 3 Grape Mealybug 3
Tetranychus pacificus 2 Pacific spider mite 2
Erwinia amylovora Fireblight
European Union
A, P, C
Anastrepha fraterculus 2 So. American fruit fly 2
Anastrepha suspensa 2 Caribbean fruit fly 2
Conotrachelus nenuphar Plum Curculio
Dacus dorsalis 2 Oriental fruit fly 2
Eotetranychus lewisi Lewis spider mite
Grapholita (Enarmonia) prunivora Lesser apple worm
Grapholita (Enarmonia) packardi Cherry fruit worm
Rhagoletis fausta Black cherry fruit fly
Rhagoletis indifferens Western cherry fruit fly
Rhagoletis pomonella Apple maggot
Tachypterellus quadrigibbus Apple curculio
Alternaria alternata Alternaria rot
Erwinia amylovora Fireblight
Monilinia fructicola Brown rot
Phyllosticta solitaria Blotch of pome fruits
Hong Kong
A(7), P, C(5), S
Anthonomous spp. Weevils
 India
A(3), P(7), C
Ametastegia glabrata Dock sawfly
Anastrepha fraterculus 2 So. American fruit fly 2
Anastrepha suspensa 2 Caribbean fruit fly 2
Anthonomus quadrigibbus Apple curculio
Ceratitis capitata Mediterranean fruit fly
Conotrachelus nenuphar Plum curculio
Cydia (Grapholita) molesta Oriental fruit moth
Cydia (Grapholita) packardi Cherry fruit worm
Cydia pomonella Codling moth
Cydia prunivora Lesser apple worm
Epiphyas postvittana 2 Light brown apple moth 2
Frankliniella occidentalis Western flower thrips
Hyphantria cunea Fall webworm
Lymantria dispar Gypsy moth
Operophtera brumata European winter moth (inchworm)
Rhagoletis fausta & other Rhagoletis spp. Black cherry fruit fly
Rhagoletis indifferens Western cherry fruit fly
Rhagoletis pomonella Apple maggot
Synanthedon exitiosa Peachtree borer
Erwinia amylovora Fireblight
Monilinia fructicola Brown rot of apples/stonefruit
Indonesia
A(9), P, C
Anastrepha suspensa 2 Caribbean fruit fly 2
Ceratitis capitata 2 Mediterranean fruit fly 2
Cydia pomonella Codling moth
Grapholita molesta Oriental fruit moth
Grapholita packardi Cherry fruit worm
Grapholita prunivora Lesser apple worm
Panonychus ulmi European red mite
Diaspidiotus (=Quadraspidiotus) perniciosus San Jose scale
Rhagoletis fausta 1 Black cherry fruit fly 1
Rhagoletis pomonella 1 Apple maggot 1
Erwinia amylovora Fireblight
Phyllosticta solitaria Blotch of pome fruits
 Japan
A, C(7), S
Anarsia lineatella Peach twig borer
Anastrepha suspensa2 Caribbean fruit fly2
Aphis pomi Green apple aphid
Archips argyrospilus Fruit tree leafroller
Archips rosana European leafroller
Argyrotaenia citrana 2 Orange tortrix 2
Bactrocera dorsalis 2 Oriental fruit fly 2
Cacopsylla pyricola Pear psylla
Ceratitis capitata 2 Mediterranean fruit fly 2
Choristoneura rosaceana, Teras vicariana, tortrix gossypiana Oblique banded leafroller
Conotrachelus nenuphar Plum curculio
Cydia pomonella 1 Codling moth 1
Dasineura mali Apple leafcurling midge
Grapholita prunivora Lesser apple worm
Phenacoccus aceris Apple mealybug
Porthetria dispar Gypsy moth
Pseudococcus maritimus Grape mealybug
Diaspidiotus (=Quadraspidiotus) perniciosus San Jose scale
Rhagoletis fausta Black cherry fruit fly
Rhagoletis indifferens Western cherry fruit fly
Rhagoletis pomonella Apple maggot
Synanthedon (Sanninoidea) exitiosa Peach tree borer
Synanthedon pictipes Lesser peach borer
Tachypterellus quadrigibbus Apple curculio
Teras postvittana 2 Light brown apple moth 2
Yponomeuta malinellus Apple ermine moth
Tetranychus mcdanieli McDaniel spider mite
Tetranychus pacificus 2 Pacific spider mite 2
Tetranychus viennensis Sweet cherry spider mite
Erwinia amylovora 1 Fireblight 1
Gymnosporangium clavipes Apple rust
Korea
C(3), A & P prohibited
 (Fumigation required on all cherry shipments and only from specified counties.)
 Mexico
A(1), P(1), C(6), S
Amyelois transitella 2 Naval orangeworm 2
Anarsia lineatella Peach twig borer
Archips argyrospilus Western fruit tree leafroller
Argyrotaenia citrana 2 Orange tortrix 2
Bactrocera dorsalis 2 Oriental fruit fly 2
Ceratitis capitata 2 Mediterranean fruit fly 2
Choristaneura rosaceana Oblique banded leafroller
Conotrachelus nenuphar 1 Plum curculio 1
Cydia (Grapholita) molesta 1 Oriental fruit moth 1
Cydia (Grapholita) prunivora Lesser apple worm
Cydia packardi Cherry fruit moth
Drosophila suzukii Spotted wing drosophila
Epiphyas postvittana 2 Light brown apple moth 2
Frankliniella moultoni (occidentalis) Western flower thrips
Lymantria dispar Gypsy moth
Platynota stultana Omnivorous leafroller
Rhagoletis indifferens Western cherry fruit fly
Rhagoletis pomonella Apple maggot
Spectrobates ceratoniae 2 Carob moth 2
Trogoderma granarium 2 Khapra beetle 2
Alternaria mali Apple storage rot
Botrytis cinerea Grey mold
Erwinia amylovora pv. crenatoserrata Fireblight
Panama
A, P(8), C, S
Bactrocera dorsalis 2 Oriental fruit fly 2
Ceratitis capitata 2 Mediterranean fruit fly 2
Choristoneura rosaceana Oblique-banded leaf roller
Cydia pomonella Codling moth
Diaspidiotus (=Quadraspidiotus) perniciosus San Jose scale
Eriosoma lanigerum Woolly apple aphid
Frankliniella occidentalis Western flower thrips
Grapholita molesta Oriental fruit moth
Lymantria dispar Gypsy moth
Pseudococcus maritimus Grape mealybug
Rhagoletis pomonella Apple maggot
 Russia
P
Bactrocera dorsalis 2 Oriental fruit fly 2
Ceratitis capitata 2 Mediterranean fruit fly 2
Choristoneura rosaceana Oblique-banded leafroller
Chrysobothris mali Pacific flathead borer
Conotrachelus nenuphar Plum curculio
Cydia packardi Cherry fruit worm
Cydia prunivora Lesser apple worm
Frankliniella occidentalis Western flower thrips
Grapholita molesta 3 Oriental fruit moth 3
Hyphantria cunea Fall webworm
Lymantria dispar Gypsy moth
Diaspidiotus (=Quadraspidiotus) perniciosus San Jose scale
Rhagoletis pomonella 3 Apple maggot 3
Erwinia amylovora Fireblight
Monilinia fructicola Brown rot of Apple, Stonefruit
Saudi Arabia
A(8), P
Diaspidiotus (=Quadraspidiotus) perniciosus 3 San Jose scale 3
 Taiwan
A(5), P, C(4), S
Anarsia lineatella 3 Peach twig borer 3
Anastrepha suspensa 2 Caribbean fruit fly 2
Ceratitis capitata 2 Mediterranean fruit fly 2
Choristoneura rosaceana Oblique-banded leafroller
Conotrachelus nenuphar 3 Plum curculio 3
Cydia pomonella 1 Codling moth 1
Dasineura mali Apple leaf curling midge
Drosophila suzukii Spotted wing drosophila
Epiphyas postvittana 2 Light brown apple moth 2
Eriosoma lanigerum Woolly apple aphid
Frankliniella occidentalis 3 Western flower thrips 3
Grapholita molesta Oriental fruit moth
Grapholita packardi Cherry fruit worm
Grapholita prunivora Lesser apple worm
Hyphantria cunea Fall webworm
Lymantria dispar Gypsy moth
Operophtera brumata European winter moth (inchworm)
Panonychus ulmi European red mite
Panonychus ulmi European red mite
Pseudococcus maritimus Grape mealybug
Rhagoletis fausta Black cherry fruit fly
Rhagoletis indifferens Western cherry fruit fly
Rhagoletis pomonella 3 Apple maggot 3
Tetranychus mcdanieli McDaniel spider mite
Tetranychus pacificus 2 Pacific spider mite 2
Yponomeuta malinellus Apple ermine moth
Erwinia amylovora 3 Fireblight 3
 Thailand
A(10), P, C
Anarsia lineatella Peach twig borer
Anastrepha suspensa 2 Caribbean fruit fly 2
Ceratitis capitata 2 Mediterranean fruit fly 2
Conotrachelus nenuphar Plum curculio
Cydia pomonella Codling moth
Epiphyas postvittana 2 Light brown apple moth 2
Frankliniella occidentalis Western flower thrips
Grapholita molesta Oriental fruit moth
Grapholita packardi Cherry fruit fly
Grapholita prunivora Lesser apple worm
Panonychus ulmi European red mite
Pseudococcus maritimus Grape mealybug
Rhagoletis fausta Black cherry fruit fly
Rhagoletis indifferens Western cherry fruit fly
Rhagoletis pomonella Apple maggot
Tetranychus pacificus2 Pacific spider mite2
Erwinia amylovora Fireblight
United Arab Emirates
A(4), P(3)
Diaspidiotus (=Aspidiotus) perniciosus San Jose scale
Alternaria mali Apple storage rot
Erwinia amylovora Fireblight
Venezuela
P(10); currently
all fruit prohibited
Aphis spiraecola Apple aphid
Cydia pomonella 1 Codling moth 1
 Vietnam
A(6), P, C
Ceratitis capitata 2 Mediterranean fruit fly 2
Conotrachelus nenuphar Plum curculio
Cydia pomonella Codling moth
Drosophila suzukii Spotted wing drosophila
Epiphyas postvittana 2 Light brown apple moth 2
Grapholita molesta Oriental fruit moth
Grapholita packardi Cherry fruit worm
Grapholita prunivora Lesser apple worm
Hyphantria cunea Fall webworm
Diaspidiotus (=Quadraspidiotus) perniciosus 1 San Jose scale 1
Rhagoletis pomonella Apple maggot
Tetranychus pacificus 2 Pacific spider mite 2